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Using Beeswax - What to Know Candle Series

An open candle jar with beeswax pellets and Honey Fragrance Oil against a white background.

USING BEESWAX

The past two months, we covered the basics of using soy wax and paraffin wax in candles. Thus, as we continue our third “What to Know Candle Series”, our P&J Family wants to discuss the use of beeswax. Follow along below to read all about the various pros and cons when it comes to using beeswax in your candles. 

WHAT IS BEESWAX

Beeswax is known as a natural wax made by female honey bees! The wax is developed into scales by wax-producing glands in the worker bees. Beeswax is extracted by beekeepers when they cut off the wax caps from each honeycomb section with an uncapping machine. It is then processed and melted into blocks and sometimes made into pastilles. Beeswax initially has no color, but being contaminated with pollen by the hive, it takes on more of a yellow color. This is also dependent on the purity, region, and the type of flowers gathered by bees. It is also naturally made up of chemical fatty acids and esters. 

This wax can also be used in a myriad of ways. You can use beeswax as a lubricant for wood, polish furniture, waterproof shoes, create lip balms, make crayons, and develop lotions! It is also great for making candles. Read more about the pros and cons of beeswax in candles.

PROS AND CONS

Here are a few pros and cons of beeswax:

PROS
  • Beeswax is a natural, renewable resource which means no air pollution. 
  • A beeswax candle burns stronger and brighter.
  • Beeswax candles burn three times longer and drip less compared to other waxes like paraffin.
  • This type of candle burns clean with little smoke if properly trimmed.
  • Great wax for making votives, pillars, container candles. 
CONS
  • It is a natural wax, therefore, is more expensive.
  • Does not hold scent as well as other waxes. 
  • Can be difficult to add colorants because of its natural yellow tent.
  • To lower production cost, it can be combined with other waxes. Make sure the wax you are buying is 100%.

TIPS FOR BEESWAX

Here are a few tips you should consider if you are new to the candle making world: 

Blooming 

Blooming is a natural powder which rests on the outside of your candle over time. This is a good occurrence as it tells you the wax is pure. To get rid of it, you can simply wipe it off the candle.

Burn Time 

This is how long it takes a candle to completely burn. An average 3x6 pillar candle burns about 110 hours!

Cure

The amount of time a candle needs rest before it is lit to increase scent throw. Allow your candles to cure for at least two.

Dye

The various colorants used in the candle making process. You can use natural colorants like spices to add to your beeswax. Or purchase dye blocks to mix in with your melted wax.

Fragrance Oil

Our general recommendation is ½ to 1 full ounce (approximately 300 to 600 drops) of P&J Trading Fragrance Oil per pound of beeswax which equates to 1-2 Tablespoons. This will give a proper scent throw, depending on how strong you want the fragrance and the size of the room the candle is placed in.

Scent Throw

The fragrance emitted from the candle. The bigger the room, the bigger the candle needs to be!

Wicks

A cotton or wood material used to ignite the flame of a candle. A 100% braided cotton wick works best for burning a beeswax candle. Make sure to trim the wick to about a 1/4 inch when burning to not create soot.

What type of wax do you use for making candles?

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